As a result of the globalization process, international trade relations have been increasing at a faster pace than global economic growth. From 1950 to 2009, from Agreement, the growth of international trade has been on average 1.7 times higher than world economic growth, with a peak in the 1990s and a slight decrease in the last decade, which is explained by a Growth of exports (3.2%) lower than the average of the period (5.8%).

As a result of the globalization process, international trade relations have been increasing at a faster pace than global economic growth. From 1950 to 2009, from Agreement, the growth of international trade has been on average.

This growth in trade between countries increases the importance of ports as links in the global logistics network, as a significant part of the distribution activities are directly related to ports, both shipping and destination, which affects To logistical flows.